Statement from the dock, 1 February 1968

  • Andimba Toivo Ya Toivo


From August 1967 to February 1968, Herman Andimba Toivo Ya Toivo was on trial by South African officials for terrorism. At the end of his trial, on 1 February 1968 he made the following statement from the dock which became “a lasting document of Namibian aspirations for freedom”. On 9 February 1968 Ya Toivo was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment and sent to serve his sentence in the prison of Robben Island near Cape Town. He has been released after serving 16 years in March 1984.
How to Cite
Toivo Ya Toivo, A. (2017). Statement from the dock, 1 February 1968. Journal of Namibian Studies : History Politics Culture, 22, 99-104. Retrieved from
Primary Sources