Journal of Namibian Studies : History Politics Culture <h1>About the Journal</h1> <h3>Aims and Scope</h3> <p align="justify">The <em>Journal of Namibian Studies - History Politics Culture</em> (ISSN print 1863-5954; ISSN online 2197-5523) aims to make available to an academic audience around the world scholarly work and original research of high standards in English. JNS is inter- and transdisciplinary and the only academic journal focussing on the humanities and the social sciences which is devoted exclusively to Namibian Studies. Papers submitted to be considered for publication will be thoroughly and anonymously peer-reviewed. There are two issues per year, containing research articles, reports and analysis, primary sources and book reviews. JNS also serves as a forum for scholarly debates. </p> <p align="justify"> </p> <h3>Peer Review Process</h3> <p align="justify">The journal operates in an anonymous peer-review mode. Once a contribution has been received, it will be anonymised and thereafter dispatched to at least two independently chosen reviewers, who also will remain anonymous throughout the process. Final acceptance of submitted articles will be decided following consideration of the reviewers’ feedback and rests solely with the editors of JNS.</p> <p align="justify"> </p> <h3>Books for Review</h3> <p align="justify">If you are interested in reviewing a titel for JNS, please do not hesitate to contact us as we might be of assistance in getting a review copy from the publisher. Please e-mail Andreas Eckl at</p> <p align="justify"> </p> <h3>Author Self-Archiving Policy</h3> <p align="justify">Authors are entitled to deposit a PDF of the version of record, i.e. the definitive published version of the article that appears in the journal, on their own personal website and/or that of their employer, following an embargo period of 24 months, provided that the Journal of Namibian Studies is attributed as the original place of publication and that correct citation details are given. Authors should also deposit the URL of their published article, in addition to the PDF version. </p> <p> </p> <h3>Open Access Policy</h3> <p align="justify">The <em>Journal of Namibian Studies - History Politics Culture</em> is openly accessible.</p> <p align="justify"> </p> <h3>Abstracting &amp; Indexing</h3> <p align="justify">Articles that appear in the <em>Journal of Namibian Studies</em> are currently indexed in the following abstracting and indexing services:</p> <p>African Studies Abstracts Online<br />BASE: Bielefeld Academic Search Engine<br />EBSCO: Humanities Source<br />ELSEVIER: Scopus <br />ERIH PLUS: European Reference Index for the Humanities and Social Sciences<br />IBSS: International Bibliography of the Social Sociences (Proquest) <br />IBR: International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature<br />IBZ: International Bibliography of Periodical Literature</p> <p>JNS is also abstracted and indexed by the library of the African Studies Centre in Leiden, The Netherlands. Please visit: <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a></p> <p>JNS is acknowledged by the South African Department of Higher Education and Training (DHET)</p> en-US (Dr. Andreas Eckl Otjivanda Presse.Bochum In der Mecklenbecke 2 44869 Bochum Germany) (The Netherlands Press) Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Review: Sarala Krishnamurthy, Nelson Mlambo and Helen Vale, (eds.), Writing Namibia Coming of Age, Basler Afrika Bibliographien 2022 <p>Review of<strong>:</strong> Sarala Krishnamurthy, Nelson Mlambo and Helen Vale, (eds.), <em>Writing Namibia Coming of Age</em>, Basler Afrika Bibliographien 2022.</p> Dorian Haarhoff Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Review: Jürgen Zimmerer, German Rule, African Subjects: State Aspirations and the Reality of Power in Colonial Namibia, Auckland Park, Jacana Media, 2022. Translated by Anthony Mellor-Stapelberg <p>Review of: Jürgen Zimmerer, <em>German Rule, African Subjects: State Aspirations and the Reality of Power in Colonial Namibia</em>, Auckland Park, Jacana Media, 2022. Translated by Anthony Mellor-Stapelberg.</p> Godwin Kornes Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Review: Gavin Cooper, The Killing of Elifas. The Enigma Surrounding the Murder of Chief Filemon Elifas, Cape Town, Reach Publishers, 2021 <p>Review of: Gavin Cooper, <em>The Killing of Elifas. The Enigma Surrounding the Murder of Chief Filemon Elifas</em>, Cape Town, Reach Publishers, 2021.</p> Chris Saunders Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Demanding reparations for colonial genocide using historical documents: Do the Herero of Namibia have legal evidence to support their demand for German reparations? <p>To receive reparations from Germany for the first genocide of the 20th century, the Herero of Namibia have been facing a legal challenge; they must demonstrate that the Herero genocide was illegal under international law during the colonial period. Through the analysis of historical treaties and documents, this article reveals that the Herero can make use of legal evidence to support their demands. The article demonstrates that Germany violated contemporaneous international law, i.e. the international law valid at the time. This revelation has significant implications for Namibia as well as for other victims of colonial genocides. The article then comments on the political context and suggests possible routes for the Herero to secure reparations for the tragedy their ancestors experienced.</p> Seebal Aboudounya Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Colonialism, reconciliation and education – learning from the past for the future. A keynote <p>Slightly edited keynote presented at the International Conference Towards Humanising the Future. Justice in the Shadow of Colonialism. A Transformative Learning Approach at the Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg, 29 September 2022.</p> Henning Melber Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 “Bericht über eine Reise nach Lüderitzbucht”. August Kuhlmann’s account of his visit of the Concentration Camp on Shark Island in July and August 1905 <p>The Rhenish missionary, August Kuhlmann, visited Lüderitzbucht and Shark Island from 25 July to 9 August 1905. His report to the management of the Rhenish Mission is a rare eyewitness account of this infamous camp. The handwritten original report is stored in the Archives and Museum Foundation of UEM Wuppertal as RMG 1.644 B/II 72 Kuhlmann Band 1, 033-041.</p> Andreas Eckl, Matthias Häussler Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Legislative omission or everyday creation: Assessing statelessness in Namibia <p>Despite a plethora of confirmed cases of statelessness in Namibian, the country has no procedure for or policy on determining whether an individual is stateless or not. Moreover, the country’s national statistics do not include stateless people despite the fact that the media and official reports often draw attention to cases which involve individuals who lack legal documentation or are of undetermined citizenship, some of whom would be regarded as stateless. This study explores the factors that that give rise to and sustain statelessness in Namibia. Drawing upon qualitative data, the study highlights shortcomings in the legal framework covering citizenship and in its administration. It advances the argument that legislatively the country has overcome much of its colonial legacy, which tied citizenship to ethnic and racial origin. The paper contends that the legal obstacles to child citizenship, a relic of colonial times, make it difficult to solve the problem of statelessness and undocumentedness in Namibia.</p> Johannes Shekeni, Lesley Blaauw Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Namibia in speculation: On future settings, technological bodies and intergalactic space travel in the Binti trilogy and the Namibia comic series <p>Within less than a decade, Namibia became the futuristic setting for two literary series in the mid-2000s. The Binti trilogy, written by Nnedi Okorafor, was released between 2015 and 2018, just after the Namibia (2010-2016) comic book series, produced by Léo, Bertrand Marchal and Daniel Rodolphe, was published. Both series feature a heroine, space travel, attempts to prevent a cosmic war, and linked to this, the destruction of Earth. Both series also give Namibia a central role in the unfolding of these events – although focussing on different aspects and using differing methods to achieve this. This article explores the (speculative) bodies presented in both novels, their use of technology, the protagonist’s relationships to alien characters, and the role Namibia as a specific geopolitical space plays in these stories. The aim is to understand some of the reasoning behind choosing a former colony as the place of space travel, alien invasions, and superior technology. This in turn may help in offering strategies that allow Namibians to negotiate the country’s violent and traumatic past.</p> Renzo Baas Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Eviction of families from Nkarapamwe black township houses in Rundu, north-east Namibia, 1970 <p>Abstract<br>Through the perusal of archival police testimonies, blended with oral and written sources, this paper centres around the 1970 eviction of 400 families of Nkarapamwe Black township in Rundu. While detailing factors behind eviction, it asserts that a colonial official, who was concerned with accommodation shortages, used his office powers inconsiderately to evict unemployed families with no concern to their plights. A discussion on eviction process explains the colonial officials’ strategies of cancelling previous double housing allocations. The paper further explains Nkarapamwe residents’ liaison with Church and the Police and their concerns of the exclusion of traditional authorities in decisions relating to Africans’ urban residency rights, which was a strategy to buy support against eviction. Lastly, we discuss the social, political and economic impacts of eviction. Nkarapamwe residents’ held view that the eventual dismissal and removal from the Kavango of the responsible colonial official emanated from their collective efforts, presents a tale of morality and a psychological reward to victims of evictions. Arguably, in the face of eminent colonial evictions, it seems plausible that evicted residents’ collective efforts, although unable to stop evictions, still presented psychological rewards for evicted families to come to terms with effects of evictions.</p> Kletus Likuwa, Shampapi Shiremo Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Re-examining UNTAG’s humanitarian role in Namibia’s transition: Life stories of former SWAPO exiles during and after repatriation <p>The personal stories of former SWAPO exiles reveal how UNTAG’s limited role in Namibia’s transition had lasting effects that shaped the reintegration processes for former SWAPO exiles in the post-colony. The purpose of this paper is to map the life histories of former SWAPO exiles in order to understand their lived experiences of repatriation and its aftermath. These life histories were obtained through semi-structured interviews that mapped their individual trajectories from 1989 through 2018. The life histories mapped in this paper invite the reader to consider the prospect that the benefits of UNTAG’s humanitarian support to returning SWAPO exiles have been exaggerated.</p> Tichaona T. Mazarire Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000 Paper, pixels, or plane tickets? Multi-archival perspectives on the decolonisation of Namibia <p>Namibia was one of the final African states to gain independence, a political transformation which was the outcome of a decades-long liberation struggle. The global dimension of the struggle has been duly recognised by generations of historians. As a result, archival materials related to this era - as well as the colonial ones preceding it – are to be found all over the world. Through a discussion of relevant archival collections pertaining to Namibian history - though located outside the boundaries of the Republic of Namibia – this article considers the global archival paper trail of Namibian colonisation and decolonisation. We shed light on the origins of various collections located in South Africa, Europe, North America, and beyond in order to reveal the ways in which the utilisation of such global archivalia can shape our understanding of Namibian decolonisation. This applies to government archives, private collections, institutional solidarity collections, as well as those of international organisations. We then delve into some of the promises and pitfalls of the digitisation of archival records, noting issues of ethics and methodology. Ultimately, we hold that historians must balance both internal and external Namibiana archivalia in crafting our arguments about the past, and we must balance both the merits and demerits of the digital turn in historical research.</p> Tycho van der Hoog , Bernard C. Moore Copyright (c) 2022 Otjivanda Presse.Bochum Thu, 03 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +0000