Manal Jabbar Soror Wafiyah Jawad Ahmed


Economic units can benefit from the cleaner production strategy, which aims to reduce the environmental impact of economic activities while improving efficiency and profitability. Accordingly, the aim of the research was to clarify the knowledge foundations of cleaner production costs and to indicate their role in reducing the costs of poor quality (the costs of failure). A set of conclusions has been reached, the most important of which is that cleaner production has achieved a reduction in the costs of external failure, represented by the costs of guarantee, by an amount of 12,339,000 dinars. Contributes to reducing the costs of failure, and based on the conclusions, a set of recommendations were presented, the most important of which is the need to focus economic units on the use of environmentally friendly materials, as they contribute to the production of products that meet the desires of customers, which leads to reducing costs, improving product quality, and reducing failure costs internally and externally.


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How to Cite

The role of cleaner production costs to reducing failure costs. (2023). Journal of Namibian Studies : History Politics Culture, 33, 2119–2138. https://doi.org/10.59670/jns.v33i.834

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